Historical background

This city has existed since the Ancient Egyptian history called Waset in hieroglyphics languages which meant”city of the scepter”, The Greeks called Thebes and also known as the city of the 100 gates, and nowadays called Luxor which meant the palaces “القصر”.
It was Egypt’s capital and it was the main place to worship the deities of the ancient Egyptian history

Thousands of tourists from all around the world arrive to visit these monuments which are:

Deir el Bahri (Temple of Hatshepsut)

El-Deir EL- Bahri is Known as Djesr Djesru “Holy of Holies” In Ancient Egyptian time, It’s a mortuary temple, which located on the west bank of the Nile, The architect Senenmut was constructed the temple.
The main purpose to build this temple to worship her father “God Amen”.
There are many incredible scenes from Punt Expedition and Hatshepsut’s birth and coronation.

Luxor temple

It was called “Ipt ryst” “the southern sanctuary”, located on the east bank of the Nile.
Was dedicated to the Theban Triad (Amen-Ra, Mut, and Khonsu).
People were celebrating by the annual Opet Festival there.
The most important thing that a mosque was built within the temple called the Mosque of Abu El-Hagag but converted to a church in the Roman period.

Karnak Temple

Called Ipt rswt which meant “Most selected Places”, Also Al-Karnak dedicated to (Amen-Ra, Mut, and khnosu), Probably this tour will spend 2h. They were several pharaoh kings all over the ancient periods who collaborated to build this temple, which starts with king Seti I and completed by Ramses II.

Light and sound show, describing the ancient treasures of ancient Thebes, and the pharaohs arise to tell the story of their interesting lives that you can live with them with fantastic colorful presentations.

Valley of the Kings and Queens

Valley of the Kings called in Arabic “Waddi El-Melouk” “وادي الملوك”.
Located on the west bank of Luxor along the Nile River.
Those burial tombs were for buried the kings and queens of the royal family and decorated with well and unique paintings and scenes you have ever seen.
Nothing remains but, the tombs consider the most wonderful tombs were: tomb of Tutankhamen, Amenhotep III, and Seti I.
18 of the tombs they are rarely open at the same time, the tour guides are no longer allowed to lecture inside the tombs and visitors are walking in single file through the tombs.
This is to minimize time in the tombs and prevent the crowds from damaging the surfaces of the decoration.

Valley of the queens which called in Arabic “Waddi El-Malekat” “وادي الملكات”, and also was known as “Ta-Set-Neferu” which mean “the place of beauty” because the queens. Princesses of 18th and 20th dynasty and noble people were buried there.
This burial tomb contains the beautiful tombs that distinguish from the magnificent decoration and colorful paintings were: Tomb of Nefertari, and tomb of Sitre, you need a separate ticket to visit this tomb.

The Mortuary Temple of Ramses III ( Madinat Habu)

The temple located at Madinat habu, Medina means “city,” and Habu is the actual name of the city. It is thus “Habu City”.
This Temple contains decorated wall reliefs. A source of inscribed reliefs depicting the advent and defeat of the Sea Peoples during the reign of Ramesses III.
In fact, if you focus a little bit you will find the scene at the money paper 20 LE same as the temple!


The Temple consider one of the most beautiful temples in Egypt.
It’s a mortuary temple for the king Ramses II; Also called “the House of millions of years”
Contains massive statues of RamsesII, scenes.
And descriptions of the wall reliefs tell about how life was going during his reign for example “battle of Kadesh”.

Dier el-Madina

Dier el Madina was the Arabic name of the site, known as St maat “The Place of Truth”.Home for the artists who worked in the tombs from the 18th till the 20th dynasty.
Located on the west bank of the valley of the queens. This site contained the houses and tombs built by the community for their own use include small rock-cut chapels and substructures adorned with small pyramids. And fantastic descriptions and scenes given a life picture of their lives and beliefs and sculptured the statues and potteries.

There are many activities you can do in Luxor and they are:

Luxor Felucca Ride

Feluccas are these traditional sailboats you’ll notice in huge numbers on the Nile. Sailing down the peaceful waters of the majestic Nile River, while watching the imposing Luxor Temple,
One of the most popular felucca rides in Luxor is the Banana Island excursion.
Take a short exploratory tour of the island, where you’ll be offered a refreshing cup of traditional Egyptian tea and some of the sweetest, most delicious bananas you’ve ever tasted.

Luxor Souq

It’s a shopping local area similar to Khan El-Khalili. You will find souvenirs and bazaars and small statues, any kind of textile, leather, and herbs. And other items aimed at the tourist.
As you walk away from it along the street going to the vegetable and fruit market. That’s where you witness the local atmospheric.
At the end of the souq, you will see people standing with their hansom cab “الحنطور” . When you ride you would love this too much listening to songs and singing. See how they are kind and funny and see the great winter palace hotel.

In the end, we can see how Luxor beautiful and has so many monuments and archeological sites will impress you. Attractions and things to do to visit it and spend your leisure time there.