Egyptian Antiquities Museum considered one of the oldest, most famous Museums, Located at Downtown or as the Egyptians say “وسط البلد”. Built in 1901 . Tourists all over the world come to visit the Egyptian Antiquities Museum, which contains a speculate masterpieces.
How to get there
By metro: Anwar el Sadat Station
Taxi Driver: In Downtown Cairo
Transportation: Abdel Men ‘am Reyad Taxi Stand
Egyptian Antiquities Museum contains 120,000 masterpieces of Ancient Egypt. There are 2 main floors; the 1st floor contains the papyrus with a wonderful description of Ancient Egyptian or Greek languages, Pottery, and statues from Old and Middle kingdom.
And the 2nd floor shows the mummies for example like Tutankhamun’s collections and statues of the New Kingdom
Ancient Egyptian Art is known for its glory and masterpieces so that the important things :
Masterpieces of Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV)
Akhenaten collections, The most masterpieces of the Egyptian Antiquities Museum you are going to love it, how Akhenaten could create an art which is called (Amarna Art).
This section located on the ground floor before the exit gate. includes coffins, huge statues, and stone carvings.
Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten)
Amenhotep IV from the 18th dynasty. He ruled after the death of Amenhotep III.
Akhenaten made a lot of change, moved the city from Memphis to Akhenaten (Amarna now) so that’s why he changed his name,
And the Ancient world had faced that he established a new Religion! (Amen to Aten)
Amenhotep IV new Religion (Amen to Aten)
At Akhenaten’s reign. He still worshiped the old gods (Amen and Rahourakhti).
Akhenaten ordered to build a new temple dedicated to new god Aten.
God Aten was never shown in human or animal form but represented as the sun disk with extended rays ending in hands.
Aten was the life-giving and life-sustaining power of the sun. Unlike the old gods.
He changed the way of the sculptured and start to sculptured it in Amarna style way. The Art used to represent the human body and depict more realistic than perfection which is unusual for the ancient people, elongated skull shape often used in the portrayal of the royal family.
Akhenaten and his family. The king and his wife Queen Nefertiti making offerings to god Aten, god Aten depicted as a sun disc its rays ending with human hands Aten providing life and prosperity.
Amarna art was shown in the relief Each figure (king and queen) has narrow eyes, thick lips, and flabby stomach.
The Royal Mummies Hall
The Egyptian Antiquities Museum has two Royal Mummy Halls at the East and West wings and is the most important collection of mummified ancient Egyptian royalty in-universe.
Who’s obsessed with the mummies will find the mummies of Ramses I, Seti I, his son Ramses the Great, Merenpath, Ramses III and many others.
-Tickets for the Royal Mummies Halls are sold on the second floor of the museum.
-The ticket price is in Egyptian pounds (EGP).
-Foreign currencies are not accepted to pay.
Located on the 2nd floor of the Egyptian Antiquities Museum.
Tut’s father was Akhenaten from the New Kingdom. Ruled almost 9 or 10 years old and died at a very young age when he was 18 years old
Tutankhaten (The living image of Aten) but after the death of Akhenaten he changed his name to Tutankhamen (The living image of Amen) Tutankhamen moved the capital (Amarna) to (Memphis) again.
Tutankhamen was famous for several things: His golden sarcophagus displayed in his underground tomb at Luxor by Carter. This stunning sarcophagus made of red quartzite, rectangular in shape.
But the most individual piece it’s an example of the highest artistic and technical in my opinion was the golden mask.
The Golden Mask Of Tutankhamen
Among other things that Carter discovered from Tutankhamen’s tomb in 1922 at Valley of the Kings was The Golden Mask. Transported to the Egyptian Antiquities Museum in Cairo, where it remains on public display.
It was ahead of the wrapped mummy made of gold, the eyebrows and eyelids are inlaid with lapis lazuli.
The broad inlaid collar of precious stones and colored glass ends in falcon heads, At the back, we can see that he is wearing a Lock of hair that ensures his resurrection.
Tutankhamen’s mask activated by magical spells from the book of the dead. inscribed in hieroglyphics on the mask’s shoulder, in order to offer more protection for the king’s body and to ensure his resurrection.
The mask is one of the best-known works of art in the world.