A private full-day tour from north Cairo to Alexandria with private Egyptologist guide. Learn about Alexandria’s long history from your guide. Visit the most hot spots in Alexandria. Explore the city’s main highlights. In this tour you’ll visit Pompey’s Pillar and the well-preserved Roman amphitheater. experience the spooky Roman catacombs before admiring the impressive, sundial-shaped modern Alexandria Library, a homage to the city’s legendary ancient library.
Established in 1477 AD in the very west of Alexandria, The Qaitbay Citadel is one of the most important defensive strongholds in the Mediterranean Sea coast. You can pick out some great pillars of the red granite which came from the Pharos lighthouse. Take a tour inside the fort then climb up to the fort’s roof and look out over the Mediterranean Sea. You can enjoy a cool boat trip around the fort after that.
Pompey’s Pillar is the biggest memorial column in Egypt that is 30m high. The Roman ruler of Egypt erected this memorial column between 284-305 AD in honor of the Roman Emperor Diocletian. Several monuments are also located around the column, as it rises out of the ruins of the Temple of Serapeum. This temple is a magnificent structure that stood in ancient times. However, the pillar is the only ancient monument remaining whole and standing in Alexandria today.
Roman amphitheatres are amphitheatres – large, circular or oval open-air venues with raised seating – built by the ancient Romans. They were used for events such as gladiator combats. About 230 Roman amphitheatres have been found across the area of the Roman Empire. Early amphitheatres date from the republican period, though they became more monumental during the imperial era.
The catacombs site is the largest known Roman burial site in Egypt. It’s also one of the last major construction works dedicated to the religion of ancient Egypt. Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqqafa has a mixture of Roman, Hellenistic, and pharaonic decorative art. Those elements were all common during this period in Alexandria. There’s an interesting story about discovering this necropolis, a donkey accidentally fell into the access shaft.
The story starts back in the 3rd century BC. The ancient library of Alexandria built by the order of Ptolemy the second. It contained 700,000 books in science, civilization, and books of the Pharaonic and the Greek periods. That is to say, it was the greatest library in the world at that time that great scientists studied in the library like Archimedes. Returning to the modern era, the library was rebuilt and officially opened on October 2002. Resembling a great sundial, the library’s wall made out of Aswan Granite and it contains writing and inscriptions in 120 languages. The library is the first digital library in the whole world and it contains 8 million books in all fields.
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